Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/8740
Title: Isolation and characterization of nanocrystalline cellulose from cocoa pod husk (CPH) biomass wastes
Authors: Akinjokun, Adebola Iyabode 
Petrik, Leslie Felicia 
Ogunfowokan, Aderemi Okunola 
Ajao, John 
Ojumu, Tunde Victor 
Keywords: Cocoa pod;wastes;cellulose;lignin;cellulose nanocrystals;hydrolysis
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Akinjokun, A.I., Petrik, L.F. & Ojumu, T.V. 2021. Isolation and characterization of nanocrystalline cellulose from cocoa pod husk (CPH) biomass wastes. Heliyon, 7(4): 1-7. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06680]
Journal: Heliyon 
Abstract: In this paper, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were isolated from the cellulose extracted from cocoa pod husk waste, followed by characterization using XRD, FT-IR, TGA, SEM and TEM to determine its crystallinity, structural properties, thermal characteristics, morphology and dimensions respectively. The result revealed that the cocoa pod husk amorphous segments containing hemicelluloses and lignin were extensively removed with increasing chemical treatments leading to increased purity, crystallinity index and thermal stability of the extracted materials. The diameter, length and crystallinity index of the CNC isolated from the CPH are 10–60 nm, 41–155 nm and 67.60% respectively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/8740
ISSN: 2405-8440
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06680
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)

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