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Title: Calcite dissolution and bioneutralization of acidic wastewater in biosand reactors
Authors: Holtman, Gareth Alistair 
Haldenwang, Rainer 
Welz, Pamela Jean 
Keywords: Abiotic;biotic;carbonate;dissolution;microbial;sand;acid mine drainage
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Source: Holtman, G.A., Haldenwang, R. & Welz, P.J. 2022. Calcite dissolution and bioneutralization of acidic wastewater in biosand reactors. Water, 14(21): 1-12. []
Journal: Water 
Abstract: Acidic wastewaters such as winery wastewater require treatment to increase the pH before discharge into the environment. Biosand filters have been shown to reduce the organic load while simultaneously providing a buffering function. Previous research has shown increases in pH which was assumed to mainly take place via dissolution of calcite from the sand particles. This study investigated the possible role of biotic mechanisms for pH adjustment in sand column experiments by comparing results obtained from irradiated (biotic) and non-irradiated (biotic and abiotic) sand columns extracted from biosand filters used to treat winery wastewater. The columns were fed with either synthetic winery wastewater or filtered water (control). It was shown that the specific hydroxide concentrations in the eluant from the non-irradiated columns was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than in the eluant from the irradiated columns (1.1 × 10−5 vs. 4.0 × 10−6 M/kgsand−1), indicating the presence of both biotic (average 4.5 ± 0.13%) and abiotic (average 95.5 ± 0.16%) pH increases. Using multivariate statistical tools to analyze a combination of parameters linked with biotic and abiotic pH adjustment, significant differences (ANOVA, p < 0.05) were found between the four treatment groups (irradiated/non-irradiated SWW and control) and the groups showed good clustering in cluster plots (group average) linkages, and principal component analysis plots.
ISSN: 2073-4441
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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