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Title: Fuzzy rule-based and particle swarm optimisation MPPT techniques for a fuel cell stack
Authors: Luta, Doudou N. 
Raji, Atanda K. 
Keywords: Boost converter;fuel cell;fuzzy logic;MPPT;Particle Swarm Optimisation
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI
Source: Luta, D. N. & Raji, A. K. 2019. Fuzzy rule-based and particle swarm optimisation MPPT techniques for a fuel cell stack. Energies, 12(5): 936. []
Journal: Energies 
Abstract: The negative environmental impact and the rapidly declining reserve of fossil fuel-based energy sources for electricity generation is a big challenge to finding sustainable alternatives. This scenario is complicated by the ever-increasing world population growth demanding a higher standard of living. A fuel cell system is able to generate electricity and water with higher energy efficiency while producing near-zero emissions. A common fuel cell stack displays a nonlinear power characteristic as a result of internal limitations and operating parameters such as temperature, hydrogen and oxygen partial pressures and humidity levels, leading to a reduced overall system performance. It is therefore important to extract as much power as possible from the stack, thus hindering excessive fuel use. This study considers and compares two Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) approaches; one based on the Mamdani Fuzzy Inference System and the other on the Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) algorithm to maintain the output power of a fuel cell stack extremely close to its maximum. To ensure that, the power converter interfaced to the fuel cell unit must be able to continuously self-modify its parameters, hence changing its voltage and current depending upon the Maximum Power Point position. While various methods exist for Maximum Power Point tracker design, this paper analyses the response characteristics of a Mamdani Fuzzy Inference Engine and the Particle Swarm Optimisation technique. The investigation was conducted on a 53 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell interfaced to a DC-to-DC boost converter supplying 1.2 kV from a 625 V input DC voltage. The modelling was accomplished using a Matlab/Simulink environment. The results showed that the MPPT controller based on the PSO algorithm presented better tracking efficiency as compared to the Mamdani controller. Furthermore, the rise time of the PSO controller was slightly shorter than the Mamdani controller and the overshoot of the PSO controller was 2% lower than that of the Mamdani controller.
ISSN: 1996-1073
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)

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