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Title: Aflatoxins in peanut oil: food safety concerns
Authors: Shephard, Gordon Seymour 
Keywords: Mycotoxin;contamination;groundnut oil
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Source: Shephard, G.S. 2018. Aflatoxins in peanut oil: food safety concerns. World Mycotoxin Journal, 11(1): 149-158. []
Journal: World Mycotoxin Journal 
Abstract: Aflatoxins are widely recognised as important natural contaminants of a wide range of foods, including maize and peanuts (groundnuts), which form part of the staple diet in many countries of the developing world, especially in Africa. There is a frequent misconception based on solubility considerations and developed market surveys that aflatoxins do not occur in peanut oil. Thus, the use of peanut oil in human food is frequently overlooked as a source of aflatoxin exposure, yet artisanal oil extraction from contaminated peanuts in local facilities in the developing world results in carryover of these mycotoxins into the oil. Consequently, these peanut oils can have high contamination levels. This review highlights food safety concerns and addresses inter alia the analytical adaptations required to determine the polar aflatoxins in peanut oil. The determination of aflatoxins in peanut oil was first achieved by thin-layer chromatography, which was later mostly superseded by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection, or later, by mass spectrometric detection. More recently, a specially modified HPLC method with immunoaffinity column clean-up and fluorescence detection has achieved official method status at AOAC International. In addition, the review deals with toxicology, occurrence and detoxification of contaminated oil. Although various methods have been reported for detoxification of peanut oil, the toxicity of degradation products, the removal of beneficial constituents and the effect on its organoleptic properties need to be considered. This review is intended to draw attention to this often overlooked area of food safety.
ISSN: 1875-0796
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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