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Title: HPLC determination of fumonisin mycotoxins in maize: A comparative study of naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde and o-phthaldialdehyde derivatization reagents for fluorescence and diode array detection
Authors: Ndube, N 
van der Westhuizen, L 
Green, IR 
Shephard, Gordon Seymour 
Keywords: Fumonisins;o-Phthaldialdehyde (OPA);Naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA);Strong anion extraction;Immunoaffinity columns;Mycotoxins
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of Chromatography B, 879 (2011) 2239–2243
Journal: Journal of Chromatography B 
Abstract: Fumonisins are mycotoxins produced by various species of Fusarium and occur naturally in contaminated maize and maize-based foods. Ingestion of fumonisins has considerable health implications for humans and animals. Since fumonisins lack a useful chromophore or fluorophore, their determination in maize is routinely achieved via HPLC with fluorescence detection (FLD) after precolumn derivatization. This study optimized naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA) derivatization of fumonisins in naturally contaminated maize following strong anion exchange (SAX) solid phase extraction (SPE) clean-up and utilizing diode array detection (DAD) as a practical alternative simultaneously to FLD. The limit of detection (LOD) for fumonisin B1 (FB1), fumonisin B2 (FB2) and fumonisin B3 (FB3) with FLD was 0.11 ng, 0.50 ng and 0.27 ng, respectively, and with DAD it was 13.8 ng, 12.5 ng and 6.6 ng, respectively injected on column. The coefficient of variation (CV, n = 6) for FB1, FB2 and FB3 in a naturally contaminated samples obtained with FLD was 2.6%, 1.8% and 5.3%, respectively, compared to 6.0%, 3.4% and 9.5%, respectively, obtained with DAD. Subsequently the optimized NDA derivatization was compared to the widely used o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) derivatization agent as well as alternative sample clean-up with immunoaffinity column (IAC) by analyzing naturally contaminated maize samples (n = 15) ranging in total fumonisin (TFB = FB1 + FB2 + FB3) levels from 106 to 6000 g/kg. After immunoaffinity column clean-up of extracted samples, the recoveries of spiked maize samples for NDA-FLD of FB1, FB2 and FB3 were 62%, 94% and 64%, respectively. NDA proved to be an effective derivatization reagent of fumonisin in naturally contaminated maize samples following IAC clean-up, except for DAD at TFB levels below 1000 g/kg. In contrast NDA derivatization following SAX clean-up produced results comparable to OPA only for levels below 1000 g/kg. Aside from the difference in detection limits, FLD and DAD produced comparable results irrespective of the clean-up method or the derivatization agent
Description: Article
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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