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Title: Graphene oxide–antimony nanocomposite sensor for analysis of platinum group metals in roadside soil samples
Authors: Silwana, Bongiwe 
Van der Horst, Charlton 
Iwuoha, Emmanuel 
Somerset, Vernon 
Keywords: adsorptive stripping voltammetry;roadside dust and soil samples;ICP‐MS analysis;PGMs;Sensitivity;speciation
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: The present study introduced a very sensitive and low-cost analytical procedure based on voltammetry to study platinum group metals in road dust and roadside soil matrices. Cathodic stripping voltammetry in conjunction with a reduced graphene oxide-antimony nanocomposite sensor and ICP-MS analysis were used to analyse roadside soil and dust samples. The results were processed to evaluate possible pollution in order to map the distribution of the PGMs along specific roads in the Stellenbosch area, outside Cape Town. The results revealed that within each site under investigation, Pd was more abundant than Pt and Rh using both voltammetric and spectroscopic methods. The AdDPCSV results obtained showed concentrations for Pd(II) ranging between 0.92 – 4.0 ng kg–1. For Pt (II), the concentrations ranged between 0.84 – 0.99 ng kg–1. For Rh(III), concentrations ranged between 0.42 – 1.21 ng kg–1. The ICP-MS results showed Pd concentrations ranging between 0.01 – 0.34 µg kg–1. For Pt the concentrations ranged between 0.004 – 0.07 µg kg–1. For Rh, concentrations ranged between 0.002 – 0.26 µg kg–1. The analysis showed significant levels of all PGMs in soil and dust samples analysed. Metal concentration in dust and soil followed the trend Pd > Pt > Rh using both voltammetric and spectroscopic techniques
ISBN: 0192-303X
DOI: 10.5772/67699
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Books / Book Chapters

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