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|Title:||Solarising tropical Africa’s rural homes to sustainably overcome energy poverty||Authors:||Kanyarusoke, Kant E||Keywords:||Tropical Africa;electric energy consumption;International Energy Agency (IEA);Energy Poverty;Rural electrification||Issue Date:||2017||Publisher:||IOP Publishing||Source:||Kanyarusoke, K. E. 2017. Solarising tropical Africa’s rural homes to sustainably overcome energy poverty. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 93: 012047. [http://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/93/1/012047]||Journal:||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science||Abstract:||At less than 30% electrification, Tropical Africa is the most energy-poor electrified region of the world. At home level, the annual per-capita electric energy consumption ranges between 0 and 150 kWh in rural areas, where 83% of the population reside. This is well below the 250 kWh recommended by the International Energy Agency (IEA) as the threshold for exiting rural ‘Energy Poverty’. Some governments have tried to extend the grid to such areas but these efforts have not yielded much. The approaches of rural electrification – as is being done now have therefore failed – and they may not be able to electrify every home in the countries concerned. An alternative approach promoting stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) and other solar powered heat and mass transfer systems at home level is proposed. An example of the approach in a village home in rural Uganda, East Africa is given. It is estimated that the combined unit energy cost over the systems’ lifespan would be just about US 3 cents. Health, Education, and Sustainability in all its forms would be greatly improved. The main recommendation is for policy makers to adopt this approach for rural homes while sparing grid supply only for commercial and industrial activities.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/11189/8202||ISSN:||1755-1315||DOI:||http://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/93/1/012047|
|Appears in Collections:||Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)|
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