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Title: Safety, security and safeguard
Authors: Zakariya, Nasiru Imam 
Kahn, MTE 
Keywords: Safety;Security;Safeguard;Synergy Sabotage;Threat
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Zakariya, N.I. & Kahn, M.T.E. 2015. Safety, security and safeguard. Annals of Nuclear Energy, 75: 292–302. [ 0306-4549/]
Journal: Annals of Nuclear Energy 
Abstract: A physical protection system (PPS) integrates people, procedures, and equipment for the protection of assets or facilities against theft, sabotage and terrorist attacks. Therefore, this paper proposes the use of a systematic and measurable approach to the design of PPS and its emphases on the concept of detection, delay and response. The proposed performance based PPS has the capability of defeating adversaries thereby achieving its targets. Therefore, timely detection of intrusion – based on the use of sensors, signal lines and alarm systems – is a major principle in the proposed system. Also the need for deterrence such as barriers in form of guards, access control, close circuit television (CCTV), strong policy and procedures, then the security culture amongst the facility workers was appropriately discussed. Since nuclear power is considered the only source that can provide large scale electricity with comparatively minimal impact on the environment, the paper also considered base guidelines for the application of PPS in any nuclear and radioactive facilities, followed with the necessity to incorporate inherent safety, security and safeguard (3S) synergy innovation in the physical protection system design and other characteristics that will enhance to reduce the vulnerability of nuclear facilities and materials to theft sabotage and terrorist attacks.
ISSN: 0306-4549
DOI: 0306-4549/
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)

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