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Title: Diabetes Mellitus in Developing Countries and Case Series
Other Titles: Diabetes Mellitus - Insights and Perspectives
Authors: Buowari, Omiepirisa Yvonne 
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus;public health;developing and developed countries;major socio-economic challenge;chronic metabolic disorder
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: IntechOpen
Source: Buowari, O. Y. 2013. Diabetes Mellitus in Developing Countries and Case Series. (In: Diabetes Mellitus - Insights and Perspectives, Oluwafemi O. Oguntibeju, IntechOpen. []
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a growing public health affecting people worldwide both in developing and developed countries, and poses a major socio-economic challenge [1], [2]. A chronic metabolic disorder of multiple aetiologies is assuming epidemic proportions worldwide [3]. It is also a complex disorder with profound consequences both acute and chronic. Genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of the disease [4]. The cells of the body cannot metabolise sugar properly due to a total or relative lack of insulin. The body then breaks down its own fat, protein, and glycogen to produce sugar resulting in high sugar levels in the blood with excess by products called ketones being produced by the liver [5]. Diabetes causes disease in many organ systems, the severity of which may be related to how long the disease has been present and how well it has been controlled. The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both [6],[7],[8],[9]. Diabetes mellitus may present with characteristic symptoms such as thirst, polyuria, blurring of vision and weight loss [6]. The abnormalities of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism are due to deficient action of insulin on target tissues resulting from insensitivity or lack of insulin [6]. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs [6]. Type 1 diabetes mellitus encompasses the majority of diabetes, which are primarily due to pancreatic islet beta cell destruction and are prone to ketoacidosis [9]. If diabetes is not taken care of, complications such as heart, kidney, and eye diseases, incurable wounds leading to amputations of the extremities and mental disorders follow.
Description: Book Chapter
ISBN: 978-953-51-0939-6
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Books / Book Chapters

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