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Title: Potential Role of Parkia biglobosa in the Management and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases
Other Titles: Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health
Authors: Alinde, O. B. L. 
Esterhuyse, Adriaan J 
Oguntibeju, Oluwafemi Omoniyi 
Keywords: Non-communicable diseases (NCD);World Health Organisation (WHO);global mortality;cardiovascular diseases;prevention and treatment
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: INTEC Open Science
Source: Alinde, O. B. L., Esterhuyse, A. J. & Oguntibeju, O. O. 2014. Potential Role of Parkia biglobosa in the Management and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases. (In: Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health, Oluwafemi Oguntibeju, IntechOpen, []
Abstract: Non-communicable diseases (NCD), also known as chronic diseases represent one of the most serious health challenges of the 21st century. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), global mortality due to NCD is projected to reach 55 million of deaths in the next 20 years, with 25 million of death caused by cardiovascular diseases (CVD) [1-3]. This is drawing a particular attention to the importance of intensifying research in the area aiming at fighting CVD through prevention and treatment. In a recent report of the WHO, CVD already ac‐ counted for 48% of NCD deaths [1]. Additionally, hypertension has been estimated to be the major risk factor for CVD morbidity and mortality, causing 51% of stroke deaths and 45% of coronary heart diseases deaths [1, 3]. Furthermore, CVD is increasing in the low- and middle- income with Sub-Saharan African countries recording the highest rate of hypertension [1-3]. It has been observed that these countries record an increase in the overall rate of hypertension mainly because of severe financial constraints for its management and control [1, 4]. With the prevalence of hypertension in the world’s death rate, new approaches to investigate the treatment and management of this disease are highly in demand in order to reduce the overall rate of adult mortality from CVD. Quest for solutions has open doors to research in the field of alternative and complementary medicine as an effective, safe, simple and inexpensive strategy. Medicinal plants and fruits and vegetables are reputed for their excellent health- enhancing bioactive micronutrients, their cost-effectiveness and their widespread bioavailabil‐ ity [5-9]. While some medicinal plants have been investigated in hypertension research, many remain a mystery [5-9].
ISBN: 978-953-51-1215-0
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Books / Book Chapters

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