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dc.contributor.authorMekuto, Lukhanyoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNtwampe, Seteno Karabo Obeden_US
dc.contributor.authorUtomi, Clement Een_US
dc.contributor.authorMobo, Mmabathoen_US
dc.contributor.authorMudumbi, John Baptist Nzukizien_US
dc.contributor.authorNgongang, Maxwell Mewaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAkinpelu, Enoch Akinbiyien_US
dc.identifier.citationLukhanyo Mekuto, Seteno K.O.Ntwampe, Clement E.Utomi, Mmabatho Mobo, John Baptist Mudumbi, Maxwell Mewa Ngongang, Enoch A. Akinpelu, Performance of a continuously stirred tank bioreactor system connected in series for the biodegradation of thiocyanate and free cyanide, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering.
dc.description.abstractA microbial consortium which was largely dominated by Thiobacillus sp. and Serratia sp. was evaluated for the biodegradation of thiocyanate (SCN−) and free cyanide (CN−) under neutral to alkaline conditions, in a two-staged stirred tank bioreactor system operated in series. The bioreactors were operated across a range of residence times (7 d to 24 h), SCN− (100–1000 mg SCN−/L) and CN− (200–450 mg CN−/L) concentrations at room temperature (21–25 °C). The bioreactors were characterised by high SCN− degradation efficiencies (>99.9%) throughout the experimental run except when the microorganisms were temporarily shocked by a pH increase and the introduction of CN− within the system. Similarly, high CN− biodegradation efficiencies (>99.9%) were observed subsequent to its introduction to the system. Planktonic microbial activity tests by organisms within the bioreactor system revealed high SCN− and CN− degradation efficiencies (>80%); a direct indication of high planktonic microbial activity within the bioreactor system. Furthermore, there was an observed total nitrogen removal by the organisms within the system, which demonstrated the nitrification and denitrification capacity of the organisms while the sulphate concentration increased as a result of SCN− biodegradation, over a period of approximately 300 days. This is the first report on the simultaneous biodegradation of high CN− and SCN− concentrations, coupled with nitrogen removal under alkaline conditions. The results demonstrated the potential of the process to treat CN− and SCN− laden wastewaters.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Research Foundation Doctoral scholarship (Grant no. 95550) and University Research Fund (grant no. RK16).en_US
dc.publisherJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineeringen_US
dc.subjectThiocyanates -- Biodegradationen_US
dc.subjectCyanides -- Biodegradationen_US
dc.subjectSewage -- Purification -- Nitrogen removalen_US
dc.titlePerformance of a continuously stirred tank bioreactor system connected in series for the biodegradation of thiocyanate and free cyanideen_US
Appears in Collections:BioERG - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)
Prof. Seteno Karabo Ntwampe
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