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Title: Challenges in household energisation and the poor
Authors: Lloyd, Philip JD 
Keywords: Electrification;Poverty;Coal;Paraffin, fuelwood;Free basic electricity;Indoor air pollution;Fires;Informal settlements
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: University of Cape Town and Energy Research Institute
Abstract: While the electrification of households in South Africa since 1994 has been impressive, many of the major energy services in poor households are still met by traditional fuels such as, on the Highveld, coal; in coastal regions, paraffin; and in rural areas by wood. Their use is associated with a range of challenges, from chronic respiratory tract infections to asphyxiation by carbon monoxide to massive fires that destroy not only homes but also lives. State interventions such as the provision of Free Basic Electricity are costly and do not appear to be contributing towards any solutions. The challenges are assessed, and a range of mitigations proposed.
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal Articles, Faculty of Engineering

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