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Title: Physical activity in the management of Diabetes Mellitus
Authors: Odunaiya, N.A. 
Oguntibeju, Oluwafemi Omoniyi 
Keywords: Physical activity;Diabetes Mellitus;skeletal muscles;Sedentary lifestyle;health
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Intech Open
Source: Odunaiya, N. A. & Oguntibeju O. O. 2013. Physical activity in the management of Diabetes Mellitus. (In: Diabetes Mellitus – Insights and Perspectives, Edited by Oluwafemi Oguntibeju, IntechOpen, 2013). []
Abstract: Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that result in energy expenditure beyond resting level. This is a broad definition which involves virtually all types of activity like walking, cycling, dancing, traditional games, pastimes, gardening, housework, sports and others (WHO, 2012, Cavil et al, 2006). Conversely, an individual is termed inactive when there is no marked increase in energy expenditure above resting level. Sedentary lifestyle include some activity, but usually not enough for gaining health effects, while active living is a way of life that integrates at least half an hour of physical activity each day into daily routines (Hagstromer, 2007). Physical activity can be classified into two main categories. One is 'exercise' that involves structured and repetitive bodily movements. The other is 'non-exercise physical activity', such as standing, commuting to and from school or work, or participating in household chores or occupational work. Thus, sport and exercise are seen as particular types of physical activity: sport usually involve some form of competition, and exercise usually being taken to improve fitness and health. Physical activity is important for health, the levels and patterns of physical activities in a population comprise an important generic indicator in public health The term health-enhancing physical activity is defined as any form of physical activity that benefits health and functional capacity without undue harm or risk. It emphasizes the connection between health and physical activity (Foster, 2000). Physical activity is important for health and the levels and patterns of physical activity in a population constitute an important generic indicator in public health.
Description: Book Chapter
ISBN: 978-953-51-0939-6
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Books / Book Chapters

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