Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/7300
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOduntan, O. Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorClarke-Farr, Peter Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorHansraj, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorCarlson, Aen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-17T11:22:34Z-
dc.date.available2020-06-17T11:22:34Z-
dc.date.issued2010-
dc.identifier.citationOduntan, O. A., Clarke-Farr, P., Hansraj, R. et al. 2010. Awareness of the phototoxic effects of sunlight among South African university students. The South African Optometrist, 69(3): 148-151. [https://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v69i3.138]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0378-9411-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11189/7300-
dc.description.abstractDue to the depletion of the atmospheric ozone, there is currently a great concern for the phototoxic effects of sunlight on humans worldwide. The pur- pose of this study was to evaluate the awareness of the phototoxic effects of sunlight among a sam- ple of South African university students. A ques- tionnaire on awareness of the adverse effects of excessive exposure to sunlight was completed by the participants and findings were analyzed. Ages of the participants (n=1832) ranged from 17 to 55 years (mean = 21.03 ± 3.44) and there were 43.7% males and 56.3% females. Many, (73.9%) agreed that excessive exposure to the sun is harmful to health, but only 56.9% could adequately explain how it is harmful to health. Many, (68.2%) agreed that fair-skinned individuals are more likely to be affected by the sun than dark-skinned ones. Only 52% reported that childhood exposure to sunlight is more dangerous than adulthood exposure. A few (32.9%) agreed that short term intensive ex- posure was more dangerous than chronic regular moderate exposures. Although 72.3% had heard about ultraviolet (UV) radiation, only 47.1% had heard of cataracts and fewer (25.7%) agreed that cataracts can be caused by UVR exposure. A few (28.7%) had heard of macular degeneration, but only 17.6% agreed that it can be caused by UVR. Although awareness was good in certain aspects, it was poor in others; suggesting the need for an awareness campaign among South Africans. It is recommended that the awareness campaign should include avoidance of excessive exposure and the use of appropriate protective devices. (S Afr Optom 2010 69(3) 146-151)en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAfrican Vision and Eye Healthen_US
dc.relation.ispartofThe South African Optometristen_US
dc.subjectSurvey of phototoxicityen_US
dc.subjectultraviolet radiationen_US
dc.subjectcataracten_US
dc.subjectmacular degenerationen_US
dc.titleAwareness of the phototoxic effects of sunlight among South African university studentsen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.4102/aveh.v69i3.138-
dc.typeArticleen_US
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Awareness of the phototoxic effects of sunlight.pdf717.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show simple item record

Page view(s)

8
checked on Feb 9, 2021

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in Digital Knowledge are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.