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Title: Characterization of human kidney stones using micro-PIXE and RBS: A comparative study between two different populations
Authors: Pineda-Vargas, C.A. 
Eisa, M. E. M 
Rodgers, A. L 
Keywords: Micro-PIXE;RBS techniques;trace elemental composition;trace metals;hard human tissues
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Pineda-Vargas, C. A., Eisa, M. E. M. & Rodgers, A. L. 2008. Characterization of human kidney stones using micro-PIXE and RBS: A comparative study between two different populations. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 67(3): 464–469. []
Journal: Applied Radiation and Isotopes 
Abstract: The micro-PIXE and RBS techniques are used to investigate the matrix as well as the trace elemental composition of calcium-rich human tissues on a microscopic scale. This paper deals with the spatial distribution of trace metals in hard human tissues such as kidney stone concretions, undertaken at the nuclear microprobe (NMP) facility. Relevant information about ion beam techniques used for material characterization will be discussed. Mapping correlation between different trace metals to extract information related to micro-regions composition will be illustrated with an application using proton energies of 1.5 and 3.0 MeV and applied to a comparative study for human kidney stone concretions nucleation region analysis from two different population groups (Sudan and South Africa).
ISSN: 0969-8043
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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