Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6937
Title: Computational study of nonlinear spectroscopy including saturated absorption and four wave mixing in two and multi-level atoms
Authors: Patel, Meena 
Govender, Kessie 
Jager, Gerhard 
Keywords: astrophysics;data astronomy;multi-level atoms;quantum;laser modulation;density matrix operator
Issue Date: 12-Jul-2016
Publisher: 28th IUPAP Conference on Computational Physics in 2016
Journal: Journal of Physics 
Conference: CCP2016 
Abstract: We report on the study of two and multi-level atoms interacting with multiple laser beams. The semi-classical approach is used to describe the system in which the atoms are treated quantum mechanically via the density matrix operator, while the laser beams are treated classically using Maxwell’s equations. We present results of a two level atom interacting with single and multiple laser beams and demonstrate Rabi oscillations between the levels. The effects of laser modulation on the dynamics of the atom (atomic populations and coherence) are examined by solving the optical Bloch equations. Plots of the density matrix elements as a function of time are presented for various parameters such as laser intensity, detuning, modulation etc. In addition phase-space plots and Fourier analysis of the density matrix elements are provided. The atomic polarization, estimated from the coherence terms of the density matrix elements, is used in the numerical solution of Maxwell’s equations to determine the behavior of the laser beams as they propagate through the atomic ensemble. The effects, of saturation and hole-burning, are demonstrated in the case of two counter propagating beams with one strong beam and the other being very weak.The above work is extended to include four-wave-mixing in four level atoms in a diamond configuration. Two counter propagating beams of different wavelengths drive the atoms from a ground state to an excited state |via an intermediate state. The atoms then decay back to the ground state via another intermediate state resulting in the generation of two additional correlated photon beams. The intermediate state has a substructure allowing for an uncertainty in the precise decay path.
Description: Conference Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6937
Appears in Collections:Eng - Conference Papers

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