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Title: Incidence of Fusarium verticillioides and levels of fumonisins in corn from main production areas in Iran
Authors: Ghiasian, SA 
Maghsood, AH 
Yazdanpanah, H 
Shephard, GS 
Van Der Westhuizen, L 
Vismer, HF 
Rheeder, JP 
Marasas, WF 
Keywords: Corn (Zea mays);;maize;fumonisin;;Fusarium verticillioides;Iran
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Source: J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Aug 9;54(16):6118-22
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 
Abstract: A total of 52 corn samples collected in 2000 from four main corn production provinces of Iran (Fars, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, and Mazandaran) were analyzed for contamination with Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisins (FB1, FB2, FB3, and 3-epi-FB3). The mean incidence of F. verticillioides (percent of kernels infected) for these four areas was 26.7, 21.4, 24.9, and 59.0%, respectively. The incidence in Mazandaran was significantly (p < 0.05) above that of the other areas. All samples from Mazandaran were contaminated with fumonisins with a mean level of total fumonisins of 10674 μg/kg. In contrast, the incidence of fumonisin contamination above 10 μg/kg was 53 (8/15), 42 (5/12), and 57% (8/14) in the samples from Fars, Kermanshah, and Khuzestan, respectively, and the corresponding mean total fumonisin levels were 215, 71, and 174 μg/kg, respectively. No statistical differences (p > 0.05) were observed in the fumonisin levels of the corn samples from these three provinces, which were significantly (p < 0.05) lower than the fumonisin contamination in samples from Mazandaran.
Description: Article
DOI: 10.1021/jf061248w
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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