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Title: Do fumonisin mycotoxins occur in wheat?
Authors: Shephard, Gordon Seymour 
Van der Westhuizen, L 
Gatyeni, PM 
Katerere, David R 
Marasas, Walter F.O 
Keywords: Fumonisins;maize;wheat;Fusarium verticillioides;mycotoxins;HPLC
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Source: Shephard GS, van der Westhuizen L, Gatyeni PM, Katerere DM, Marasas, WFO. Do Fumonisin Mycotoxins Occur in Wheat? Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2005, 53 (23), pp 9293–9296. DOI: 10.1021/jf052101s
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 
Abstract: The fumonisin mycotoxins are mainly produced by the fungi Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium proliferatum, which are both field pathogens of maize. The natural occurrence of fumonisins has been verified in maize and a large range of maize-based products in many countries of the world. However, occasional reports have emerged of fumonisins being detected in wheat, despite the main producing fungi not being pathogens of this cereal. An investigation was conducted into a recent report of the natural occurrence of fumonisins in the 2003/2004 South African wheat crop at levels up to 1.7 mg/kg, as determined by immunoaffinity column cleanup and direct fluorometric measurement. An AOAC International high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the determination of fumonisins in maize was modified and validated for the determination of fumonisins in spiked wheat samples. HPLC analysis of the wheat samples previously found to be positive for fumonisins revealed no detectable (<5 microg/kg) fumonisins in the 30 samples analyzed. These results, which lay doubt on previous reports of fumonisins in wheat, emphasize the fact that screening methods, especially if used outside their range or matrix of applicability, can produce false positive results despite the use of immunoaffinity cleanup. Such results should be validated and confirmed with a more definitive technique.
Description: Article
DOI: 10.1021/jf052101s
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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