Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6460
Title: Voltammetric analysis of platinum group metals using a bismuth-silver bimetallic nanoparticles sensor" in Recent Progress in Organometallic Chemistry
Authors: van der Horst, Charlton 
Silwana, Bongiwe 
Iwuoha, Emmanuel 
Somerset, Vernon S 
Keywords: Adsorptive stripping voltammetry;Bismuth-silver bimetallic;Platinum group metals;Dimethylglyoxime;Screen-printed electrode
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: InTech
Abstract: This study dealt with the development of a bismuth-silver bimetallic nanosensor for diferential pulse adsorptive stripping voltammetry of platinum group metals (PGMs) in environmental samples. The nanosensor was fabricated by drop coating a thin bismuth-silver bimetallic ilm onto the active area of the screen-printed carbon electrodes. Optimization parameters such as pH, dimethylglyoxime (DMG) concentration, deposition potential and deposition time, stability test and interferences were also studied. In 0.2 M acetate bufer (pH = 4.7) solution and DMG as the chelating agent, the reduction signal for PGMs ranged from 0.2 to 1.0 ng L−1. In the study of possible interferences, the results have shown that Ni(II), Co(II), Fe(III), Na+ , SO4 2−, and PO4 3− do not interfere with Pd(II), Pt(II), and Rh(III) in the presence of DMG with sodium acetate bufer as the supporting electrolyte solution. The limit of detection for Pd(II), Pt(II), and Rh(III) was found to be 0.07, 0.06 and 0.2 ng L−1, respectively. Good precision for the sensor application was obtained with a reproducibility of 7.58% for Pd(II), 6.31% for Pt(II), and 5.37% for Rh(III) (n = 10).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6460
ISBN: 978-953-51-3318-6
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/68132
Appears in Collections:BUS - Books / Book Chapters

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