Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6190
Title: Veterinary pharmaceuticals in aqueous systems and associated effects: an update
Authors: Obimakinde, Samuel 
Fatoki, Olalekan 
Opeolu, Beatrice 
Olatunji, Olatunde 
Keywords: Veterinary pharmaceuticals;Animal production;Water contamination
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Environmental Science and Pollution Research 
Abstract: Environmental studies have shown that pharmaceuticals can contaminate aqueous matrices, such as groundwater, surface water, sediment as well as aquatic flora and fauna. Effluents from sewage and wastewater treatment plants, pharmaceutical industries and hospitals have been implicated in such contamination. Recent studies have however revealed significant concentrations of pharmaceuticals in wastewater from animal facilities in proximal aquatic habitats. Furthermore, epidemiological studies have shown a consistent positive correlation between exposure to some drugs of veterinary importance and increased adverse effects in aquatic biota largely due to induction of endocrine disruption, antibiotic resistance, neurotoxicity, genotoxicity and oxidative stress. The aquatic habitats and associated biota are important in the maintenance of global ecosystem and food chain. For this reason, anything that compromises the integrity and functions of the aquatic environment may lead to major upset in the world’s ecosystems. Therefore, knowledge about this route of exposure cannot be neglected and monitoring of their occurrence in the environment is required. This review focuses on scientific evidence that link the presence of pharmaceuticals in aqueous matrices to animal production facilities and presents means to reduce the occurrence of veterinary pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic habitats.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6190
ISSN: 0944-1344
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7757-z
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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