Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/6051
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dc.contributor.authorSydenham, Eric W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorThiel, PGen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarasas, Walter F.Oen_US
dc.contributor.authorShephard, Gordon Seymouren_US
dc.contributor.authorVan Schalkwyk, Dirk Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Klaus Ren_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-04T07:40:28Z-
dc.date.available2017-09-04T07:40:28Z-
dc.date.issued1990-
dc.identifier.issn0021-8561-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11189/6051-
dc.description.abstractMoldy and healthy corn samples were collected from two opposing human esophageal cancer prevalence areas of the Transkei, southern Africa, during 1985, and screened mycologically. The moldy corn samples were analyzed for the presence of several Fusarium mycotoxins, including deoxynivalenol (DON), diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS), moniliformin (MON), nivalenol (NIV), T-2 toxin, zearalenone (ZEA), fumonisins BI (FBI) and Bz (FBz), and tricarballylic acid [(TCA), a compound present in the structures of the fumonisins]. The healthy corn samples were screened for the presence of FBI and FBz. High concentrations of DON, MON, NIV, ZEA, FBI, and FBz were recorded in the moldy corn samples. Statistical correlations between the incidence of Fusarium species and mycotoxin levels, present in the corn samples, agreed with the toxin-producing abilities of the individual Fusarium species. Additional data clearly indicated that significantly higher levels of both FBI and FBz were present in the healthy corn samples from the high esophageal cancer rate area than in corresponding samples from the lowrate area.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistryen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/za/-
dc.subjectEsophageal canceren_US
dc.subjectTranskeien_US
dc.subjectSouthern Africaen_US
dc.subjectMoldy cornen_US
dc.subjectFusarium mycotoxinsen_US
dc.titleNatural occurrence of some fusarium mycotoxins in corn from low and high esophageal cancer prevalence areas of the Transkei, Southern Africaen_US
dc.type.patentArticleen_US
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)
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