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Title: Differential modulation of the lipid metabolism as a model for cellular resistance to fumonisin B1–induced cytotoxic effects in vitro
Authors: Riedel, S 
Abel, Stefan 
Burger, Hester-Mari 
Van der Westhuizen, L 
Swanevelder, Sonja 
Gelderblom, W.C.A. 
Keywords: Fumonisin B1;Resistance;Lipids;Fatty acids;Cytotoxicity;Apoptosis;Cell proliferation
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Differential sensitivity of primary hepatocytes and Chang cells to the cancer promoter fumonisin B1 (FB1)-induced cytotoxic effects were investigated in relation to changes in membrane lipid distribution. In contrast to primary hepatocytes, Chang cells were resistant to FB1-induced cytotoxic effects. This was associated with a high cholesterol (Chol) and sphingomyelin (SM) and low phosphatidylcholine (PC) content, resulting in a significant (P<0.05) decrease in phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)/PC ratio, increased Chol/total phosphoglyceride (TPG) ratios and low total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) content in PC and PE, suggesting a more rigid membrane structure. High levels of C18:1 and reduced polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels are likely to provide selective resistance to FB1-induced oxidative stress. FB1-associated lipid changes included decreases in SM and Chol, increases in sphinganine (Sa) and PE with the increases in key saturated, monounsaturated, and PUFAs in PE as key role players in the differential responses to FB1-induced cell growth responses in cells.
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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