Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/5765
Title: Glucose Tolerance, MTHFR C677T and NOS3 G894T Polymorphisms, and Global DNA Methylation in Mixed Ancestry African Individuals
Authors: Matsha, Tandi 
Pheiffer, Carmen 
Mutize, Tinashe 
Erasmus, Rajiv T 
Kengne, Andre Pascal 
Keywords: Glucose tolerance;MTHFR C677T;NOS3 G894T;Polymorphisms;Global DNA Methylation;Mixed Ancestry African Individuals
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Abstract: The aim of this study is to quantify global DNA methylation and investigate the relationship with diabetes status and polymorphisms in MTHFR C677T and NOS3 G894T genes in mixed ancestry subjects from South Africa. Global DNA methylation was measured, and MTHFR rs1801133 and NOS3 rs1799983 polymorphisms were genotyped using high throughput real-time polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing. Of the 564 participants, 158 (28%) individuals had T2DM of which 97 (17.2%) were screendetected cases. Another 119 (21.1%) had prediabetes, that is, impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or the combination of both, and the remainder 287 (50.9%) had normal glucose tolerance. Global DNA methylation was significantly higher in prediabetes and screen-detected diabetes than in normal glucose tolerance (both p ≤ 0.033) and in screen-detected diabetes compared to known diabetes on treatment (p = 0.019).There was no difference in global DNA methylation between known diabetes on treatment and normal glucose tolerance (p > 0.999). In multivariable linear regression analysis, only NOS3 was associated with increasing global DNA methylation (Beta= 0.943; 95% CI: 0.286 to 1.560). The association of global DNA methylation with screendetected diabetes but not treated diabetes suggests that glucose control agents to some extent may be reversing DNA methylation. The association between NOS3 rs1799983 polymorphisms and DNA methylation suggests gene-epigenetic mechanisms through which vascular diabetes complications develop despite adequate metabolic control.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8738072
http://hdl.handle.net/11189/5765
Appears in Collections:HWSci - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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