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Title: Experimental and numerical investigation into the behaviour of shape memory alloys
Authors: Philander, O 
Oliver, Graeme John 
Sun, BoHua 
Keywords: intelligent structures;shape memory alloys;SMA line actuator;smart materials;statistical thermodynamics;thermodynamics
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Materials
Source: Journal of the Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, 21(1-2):320, 2012
Abstract: Research and development of smart alignment systems is currently being undertaken at the Smart Devices and MEMS Laboratory at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology. The intended devices will harness the remarkable phenomena of shape memory alloys (SMAs), i.e. the shape memory effect and pseudo-elasticity, for actuation purposes. These unique characteristics of shape memory alloy behavior results from an austenitic ⇔ martensitic phase transformation during heating or cooling and/or a de-twinning of the martensitic variants due to an applied load. This paper investigates the microscopic and macroscopic behavior of SMA wires and uses the dynamic one-dimensional thermodynamic and statistical thermodynamic constitutive model proposed by M ü ller and Achenbach and further refined by M ü ller and Seelecke in the design of SMA line actuators. This model permits the simulation of the response of a tensile specimen to a thermodynamic input and calculates all phase transformations, phase proportions and deformations as functions of time if the temperature and applied load are prescribed as functions of time. The aim of this research is to develop an understanding of the numerical model and its implementation in the design of SMA line actuators. Specific results should show response time of a given length of SMA wire subjected to an applied load and temperature increase, and the load – displacement relationships for both quasiplastic and pseudo-elastic behaviors. This paper also introduces some of the devices currently under investigation by the Smart Alignment Systems Research Group.
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (not DHET subsidised)

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