Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/5312
Title: A study of biodiesel production from non-edible oil seeds: a comparative study
Authors: Aransiola, Elizabeth Funmilayo 
Ojumu, TV 
Oyekola, OO 
Ikhu-Omoregbe, DIO 
Keywords: Biodiesel;Biofuel;Emissions;Jatropha curcas oil;Neem oil;Transesterification
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: The Open Conference Proceedings Journal
Abstract: This study investigated production of biodiesel from non edible oil seeds of Jatropha curcas and neem. This is with a view to compare which of the oils when used for biodiesel production is more environmentally friendly and cheaper. The optimum reaction time for transesterification of Jatropha curcas oil to biodiesel was recorded to be 3h while that of neem oil to biodiesel was 2h. This reduces the operating cost of neem biodiesel. Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) yield of 86.61% with a viscosity of 5.64 cSt was obtained for Jatropha biodiesel using the established operating conditions. This viscosity was used as an index for maximum conversion of biodiesel (BD) for neem oil. The viscosity obtained for neem oil biodiesel was 5.51cSt. An attempt to increase the reaction time does not give any significant difference in the viscosity. Experimental investigations of the different blends of biodiesel from the two oils were tested on an internal combustion engine. The emissions of different blends showed that neem biodiesel has lower emissions of CO and NOX than Jatropha biodiesel, but CO emissions of Jatropha biodiesel are lower than that of diesel fuel. The NOX value of petrol diesel is higher than B10 – B50 and B10 – B80 of Jatropha and Neem biodiesel respectively. However, NOX values of B60 – B100 and B90 – B100 of Jatropha and neem biodiesel are in the range of 5.27 – 10.74% and 1.39 – 11.93% higher than petrol diesel respectively. The physical properties of both biodiesel met the ASTM standard of D-6751.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/5312
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Aransiola_EF_Ojumu_TV_Oyekola_OO_Ikhu-Omoregbe_DIO_study of biodisiel production_pdfMain article294.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Page view(s)

34
Last Week
0
Last month
6
checked on May 24, 2019

Download(s)

17
checked on May 24, 2019

Google ScholarTM

Check


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons