Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/4695
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dc.contributor.authorOkoro, HK-
dc.contributor.authorFatoki, Olalekan S-
dc.contributor.authorAdekola, Folahan A-
dc.contributor.authorXimba, Bhekumusa J-
dc.contributor.authorSnyman, RG-
dc.contributor.authorOpeolu, BO-
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-22T12:16:34Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-22T12:16:34Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9860-6_2-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11189/4695-
dc.description.abstractOrganotin compounds (OTCs) are organic derivatives of tin (Sn4+) and are characterized by the presence of covalent bonds between three carbon atoms and a tin atom. The organotins are designated as mono-, di-, tri-, or tetra-organotin compounds and have the general formula (n-C4H9), Sn–X, where X is an anion or a group linked covalently through a hetero-atom (Dubey and Roy 2003; Okoro et al. 2011). Organotin pollution in the aquatic environment is of global concern; two triorganotin compound groups, the tributyltins and triphenyltins, are toxic to aquatic life (Fent 1996) and are used worldwide not only as biocides in antifouling paints but also as preserving agents for wood and timber, and as agricultural fungicides. These uses result in direct release to water, with consequential uptake and accumulation in aquatic fauna (Harino et al. 2000).en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/za/en
dc.subjectOrganotin compounds (OTCs)en_US
dc.subjectTin (Sn4+)en_US
dc.subjectBiomarkersen_US
dc.subjectOrganotin pollutionen_US
dc.titleHuman exposure, biomarkers, and fate of organotins in the environmenten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)
Prof. Olalekan S. Fatoki
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