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Title: Differential effects of abdominal adipose tissue distribution on insulin sensitivity in black and white South African women
Authors: Goedecke, Julia H 
Levitt, Naomi Sharlene 
Lambert, Estelle Victoria 
Utzschneider, Kristina Marie 
Faulenbach, Mirjam V 
Dave, Joel Alex Lex 
West, Sacha Jane 
Victor, Hendriena 
Evans, Juliet 
Olsson, Tommy 
Walker, Brian R 
Seckl, Jonathan R 
Kahn, Steven E 
Keywords: Tissue distribution;Abdominal adipose;Black South African women;White South African women;Insulin sensitivity
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Obesity Journal
Abstract: Black South African women are more insulin resistant than BMI-matched white women. The objective of the study was to characterize the determinants of insulin sensitivity in black and white South African women matched for BMI. A total of 57 normal-weight (BMI 18–25kg/m2 ) and obese (BMI > 30kg/m2 ) black and white premenopausal South African women underwent the following measurements: body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), body fat distribution (computerized tomography (CT)), insulin sensitivity (SI , frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test), dietary intake (food frequency questionnaire), physical activity (Global Physical Activity Questionnaire), and socioeconomic status (SES, demographic questionnaire). Black women were less insulin sensitive (4.4 ± 0.8 vs. 9.5 ± 0.8 and 3.0 ± 0.8 vs. 6.0 ± 0.8 × 10−5/min/(pmol/l), for normal-weight and obese women, respectively, P < 0.001), but had less visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (P = 0.051), more abdominal superficial subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) (P = 0.003), lower SES (P < 0.001), and higher dietary fat intake (P = 0.001) than white women matched for BMI. SI correlated with deep and superficial SAT in both black (R = −0.594, P = 0.002 and R = 0.495, P = 0.012) and white women (R = −0.554, P = 0.005 and R = −0.546, P = 0.004), but with VAT in white women only (R = −0.534, P = 0.005). In conclusion, body fat distribution is differentially associated with insulin sensitivity in black and white women. Therefore, the different abdominal fat depots may have varying metabolic consequences in women of different ethnic origins
Appears in Collections:BUS - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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