Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/4447
Title: Physical chemistry of highly concentrated emulsions.
Authors: Foudazi, Reza 
Qavi, S 
Masalov, I 
Malkin, AY 
Keywords: Disjoining pressure;Elasticity;Highly concentrated emulsions;Stability;Yield stress
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Abstract: This review explores the physics underlying the rheology of highly concentrated emulsions (HCEs) to determine the relationship between elasticity and HCE stability, and to consider whether it is possible to describe all physicochemical properties of HCEs on the basis of a unique physical approach. We define HCEs as emulsions with a volume fraction above the maximum closest packing fraction of monodisperse spheres, φm=0.74, even if droplets are not of polyhedron shape. The solid-like rheological behavior of HCEs is characterized by yield stress and elasticity, properties which depend on droplet polydispersity and which are affected by caging at volume fractions about the jamming concentration, φj. A bimodal size distribution in HCEs diminishes caging and facilitates droplet movement, resulting in HCEs with negligible yield stress and no plateau in storage modulus. Thermodynamic forces automatically move HCEs toward the lowest free energy state, but since interdroplet forces create local minimums - points beyond which free energy temporarily increases before it reaches the global minimum of the system - the free energy of HCEs will settle at a local minimum unless additional energy is added. Several attempts have been undertaken to predict the elasticity of HCEs. In many cases, the elastic modulus of HCEs is higher than the one predicted from classical models, which only take into account spatial repulsion (or simply interfacial energy). Improved models based on free energy calculation should be developed to consider the disjoining pressure and interfacial rheology in addition to spatial repulsion. The disjoining pressure and interfacial viscoelasticity, which result in the deviation of elasticity from the classical model, can be regarded as parameters for quantifying the stability of HCEs.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.cis.2015.03.002
http://hdl.handle.net/11189/4447
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Foudazi_R_Qavi_S_Masalova_I_Malkin_AY_Eng_2015.pdfMain Article956.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Page view(s)

19
Last Week
0
Last month
0
checked on Feb 18, 2019

Download(s)

5
checked on Feb 18, 2019

Google ScholarTM

Check


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons