Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Organotin compounds
Authors: Okoro, HK 
Fatoki, Olalekan S 
Adekola, Folahan A 
Ximba, Bhekumusa J 
Snyman, Reinette G 
Keywords: Tributyltin (TBT);Triphenyltin (TPT);Antifouling agents;Copper oxide paints;Biocide
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: Okoro, H.K., Fatoki, O.S., Adekola, F.A., Ximba, B.J. &, Snyman, R.G. 2014. Organotin compounds. In: Wexler, P. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Toxicology, 3rd ed. San Diego: Academic Press. 3:720–725.
Abstract: The use of tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) as antifouling agents on boats has been widespread because of their superior effectiveness compared to previously used copper oxide paints. TBT is a biocide and catalyst used globally. TBT compounds have particularly been used as biocides in antifouling paints and wood preservatives. TBT leachate has contaminated both marine and freshwater habitats and it has been considered to be one of the most toxic agents entering the environment. The occurrence of TBT in surface water and sediment has prompted a large number of studies on its adverse effects on nontarget organisms. By the mid-1980s, it had become widely recognized that TBT severely affects nontarget organisms. Abnormal shell thickening has been reported in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas associated with areas of high TBT contamination. Other adverse effects of TBT on organisms include imposex in gastropods. As well as being an endocrine-disrupting agent TBT has proven to be extremely toxic to a number of aquatic organisms, in particular during sensitive early life stages. It was revealed that TBT can induce cytogenetic damage in the embryos and larvae of the marine mollusc Mytilus edulis and the polychaete worm Platynereis dumerilii. Very limited work has been done on the genotoxic potential of TBT to adult marine organisms. In algae, for instance, triorganotins had the strongest influence on their growth and the least on their chlorophyll content.
ISBN: 9780123864543
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (not DHET subsidised)
Prof. Bhekumusa Jabulani Ximba
Prof. Olalekan S. Fatoki

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Okoro_HK_Fatoki_OS_Adekola_FA_Ximba_BJ_Snyman_RG_AppSci_2014.pdf974.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Feb 9, 2021


checked on Feb 9, 2021

Google ScholarTM


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons