Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/3642
Title: Spatio-temporal variation of organotin compounds in seawater and sediments from Cape Town harbour, South Africa using gas chromatography with flame photometric detector (GC-FPD).
Authors: Okoro, HK 
Fatoki, Olalekan S 
Adekola, Folahan A 
Ximba, Bhekumusa J 
Snyman, RG 
Keywords: Sediment;Antifouling;Seawater;Extraction
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Okoro, H.K., Fatoki, O.S., Adekola, F.A., Ximba, B.J. & Snyman, R.G. (2013). Spatio-temporal variation of organotin compounds in seawater and sediments from Cape Town harbour, South Africa using gas chromatography with flame photometric detector (GC-FPD). Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 9(1):95–104
Abstract: The spatio-temporal variation of two organotin compounds (OTCs) of tributyltin and triphenyltin in the seawater and sediment of Cape Town harbour was investigated. The organotin compounds were determined by GC-FPD following prior extraction with 0.02% tropolone. The concentration of OTCs varies for locations in Cape Town harbour. The concentration of OTCs in seawater ranges from 0.067 ± 0.01 to 111.290 ± 32.20 × 10−3 μg/l for TBT while that of TPT ranges between between ND ± SD and 23008.0 ± 0.03 × 10−3 μg/l respectively between locations. Relatively higher concentrations were measured for TBT and TPT during summer than in winter and spring seasons (p ⩽ 0.05). Apparently, the observed high or low values recorded for TBT in Cape Town harbour could be the result of an increase or decrease in the traffic of ships and boats. TBT was detected in all the sediment samples analysed except for location 9 (entrance to harbour), the two control sites (which are located far away from the inner harbour where boating activities are taking place), and location 12 (Robinson dry dock 2) where the samples were not at all found. For the control sites, antifouling compounds TBT and TPT were not detected throughout except for TBT that was found in control A during summer. The seasonal variation of OTC abundance in sediment was also investigated. The results indicated that TBT is present throughout the seasons but is predominantly present in this order summer > winter > spring.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/3642
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.05.014
ISSN: 1878-5352
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)
Prof. Bhekumusa Jabulani Ximba
Prof. Olalekan S. Fatoki

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