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Title: Evaluating resistance coefficients of straight-through diaphragm control valves
Authors: Mbiya, B.M. 
Fester, Veruscha G 
Slatter, Paul 
Keywords: Diaphragm valve;Pressure losses;Resistance coefficients;Loss coefficients;Non-Newtonian fluid;Pipe fittings
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Despite the extensive use of straight-through diaphragm valves in many diverse industrial applications, very few studies of frictional pressure loss for straight-through diaphragm valves have been reported in the open literature. The few that are available are for fully opened valves based on the tacit assumption that different sized diaphragm valves are geometrically similar. In this study, the pressure drops across five straight-through diaphragm valves were measured in four aperture positions. Resistance coefficients were determined by experimentally establishing pressure gradients upstream and downstream of the valves. The experiments were carried out using Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids over a wide range of Reynolds numbers with the emphasis on obtaining laminar flow data. The Hooper 2-k correlation was corroborated and found to be valid at Reynolds numbers <10 for straight-through diaphragm valves. At higher Reynolds numbers the resistance coefficient is shown to be dependent on the size and the opening of the valve. Three different approaches (domain separation, simple summation, and selective combination) using a two-constant model to predict the experimental resistance coefficients were explored. Comparison of the correlations with experimental data and existing models has shown that the simple summation two-constant model approach has substantial merit. Considering the complexities of accounting for the valve size, the valve opening position, the type of fluid over a Reynolds number range of 0.1–100 000, this model gives pipeline design engineers a simple, semi-empirical correlation for the estimation of resistance coefficients of straight-through diaphragm control valves.
ISSN: 0008-4034
Appears in Collections:Eng - Journal articles (DHET subsidised)

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