Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2629
Title: Pesticides exposure and blood endosulfan levels after first season spray amongst farm workers in the Western Cape, South Africa
Authors: Dalviea, Mohamed Aqiel 
Africa, Algernon 
Solomons, Abdullah 
Londo, Leslie 
Brouwer, Derk 
Kromhoutd, Hans 
Keywords: Pesticide exposure;Bio-monitoring;Endosulfan;Job exposure matrix;Spraying;Mixing;Drift;Occupational;Environmental
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Dalvie, M. A., Africa, A., Solomons, A., London, L., Brouwer, D., & Kromhout, H. (2009). Pesticide exposure and blood endosulfan levels after first season spray amongst farm workers in the Western Cape, South Africa. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, 44(3), 271-277.
Abstract: The study investigated serum endosulfan changes resulting from occupational exposure to the pesticide on farms. Eight applicators and 17 non-applicators were tested (serum endosulfan, anthropometry, short exposure questionnaire) before and after the first day of seasonal spraying. Task-based job exposure matrix (JEM) estimates were calculated. Mean baseline serum endosulfan (530 ± 0.05 μ g/L) was high. Increases in post-spraying endosulfan levels (IPSE) were higher in applicators (mean = 60 ± 90 μ g/L) than in non-applicators (mean = 3.5 × 10− 6± 90.0 μ g/L) adjusting for age (β = 54.0, p = 0.162, R2 = 0.22). There was a weak positive relationship between IPSE and JEM estimates. IPSE occurred in applicators and non-applicators and were higher in applicators. The validity of the JEM weightings and characterization of other routes of pesticide exposure require further investigation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2629
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03601230902728351
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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