Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2042
Title: Chemical composition, antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity of the essential oils of the leaves and stem of Tarchonanthus camphoratus
Authors: Nanyonga, SK 
Opoku, A 
Lewu, F 
Oyedeji, AO 
Singh, M 
Keywords: Tarchonanthus camphoratus.;Essential oil;Antioxidant activity;Cytotoxicity
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Nanyonga, Sarah K., et al. 2013. Chemical composition, antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity of the essential oils of the leaves and stem of tarchonanthus camphoratus. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7(7): 360-367
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition, antioxidant potential and cytotoxicity of the essential oil of the fresh leaf, dry leaf and dry stem of Tarchonanathus campharatus. The antioxidant activity of the oils were examined by the 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazil (DPPH), 2’-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS.+), nitric oxide radical scavenging and reducing power methods. The brine shrimp lethality test and the MTT cytotoxicity test were used to investigate the cytotoxicity of the oils. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons are the major components in the essential oil of the fresh leaves (36.46%) and of the dry leaves (59.18) whereas an aldehyde, butanal (35.77%) is the major component in the essential oil of the dry stem. The oils did not show significant antioxidant activity as evidenced by their high LC50 values in all the antioxidant assays. The cytotoxicity results indicated that the oils had low toxicity with LC50 values ranging from 400 to 900 μg/ml and 400 to 1100 μg/ml for the brine shrimp lethality test and MTT cytotoxicity assay respectively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2042
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (not DHET subsidised)

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