Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2004
Title: Occurrence of polybrominated diphynel ethers (PBDEs) and 2,2’,4,4’,5,5’-hexabromobiphenyl (BB-153) in water samples from the Diep River, Cape Town, South Africa
Authors: Daso, Adegbenro P 
Fatoki, Olalekan S 
Odendaal, James P 
Keywords: PBDEs;GC-TOF-MS;River water;Diep River;Cape Town
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer
Source: Daso, A.P., Fatoki, O.S. & Odendaal, J.P. 2013. Occurrence of polybrominated diphynel ethers (PBDEs) and 2,2’,4,4’,5,5’-hexabromobiphenyl (BB-153) in water samples from the Diep River, Cape Town, South Africa. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20(8): 5168-5176
Abstract: Until recently, studies reporting the concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as well as polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) are generally scarce in the literature. Consequently, this study was aimed to investigate the occurrence and concentrations of certain PBDE congeners (BDE 28, 47, 100, 99, 154, 153, 183 and 209) and BB 153 in river water samples collected bi-monthly from the Diep River. The routine analyses of the target compounds were performed using a high-capillary GC–microelectron capture detection, while their structural elucidation was assessed using GC-TOF-MS technique. The overall mean concentrations of the sum of he eight PBDE congeners were 2.60, 4.83 and 4.29 ng/L for the upstream, point of discharge and downstream sampling points, respectively. Similarly, the overall mean concentrations of BB 153 were 0.25, 4.85 and 1.56 ng/L for the upstream, point of discharge and downstream sampling points, respectively. BDE 47 was the dominant congener found in these samples contributing between 19 and 26 % to the total PBDEs across the sampling points. The statistical analyses performed on the results obtained showed that all the congeners, except BDE 209 in certain instances, had strong positive correlations with one another, thus suggesting that these contaminants could be emanating from the same source. In this study, potential sources of these pollutants other than WWTP discharges into the investigated river were also identified. However, the relatively high concentrations of the target compounds found at the point of discharge sampling point coupled with the large volume of treated effluent being discharged suggested that the contributions from this source could be very significant over time.
Description: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2004
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1503-6
ISSN: 0944-1344
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)
Prof. James P Odendaal
Prof. Olalekan S. Fatoki

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