Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2002
Title: The carbon and nitrogen cost associated with the growth, reproductive and dormant phases of two South African semi-arid geophytic species of Gethyllis (Amaryllidaceae)
Authors: Daniels, CW
Mabusela, WT
Marnewick, JL
Valentine, AJ
Keywords: Carbon and nitrogen cost;Gethyllis multifolia;Gethyllis villosa;Succulent Karoo biome
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Daniels, C.W., et al. 2013. The carbon and nitrogen cost associated with the growth, reproductive and dormant phases of two South African semi-arid geophytic species of Gethyllis (Amaryllidaceae). Australian Journal of Botany 61(7) 528-537
Abstract: Gethyllis multifolia L.Bolus and G. villosa Thunb. (Family: Amaryllidaceae) are deciduous and bulbous geophytes that occur in the succulent Karoo biome of South Africa. Both species occupy the same natural habitat, but G. multifolia is threatened and G. villosa not. Both G. multifolia and G. villosa require seasonal bulb reserves for initial vegetative and reproductive growth. In spite of G. villosa having smaller bulbs than G. multifolia, both species produce similar flower sizes and weights. The aim of the present study was to determine the carbon and nitrogen costs of vegetative and reproductive growth during the phases of growth, senescence, reproduction and dormancy of these bulbous species. The rates, costs and efficiencies of biomass production during various growth phases of the two species were determined in a comparative experiment. The results show that in spite of a significantly smaller bulb, G. villosa produced more leaves per unit bulb mass and invested more carbon and nitrogen resources into the bulbs during senescence. G. villosa also had a higher flower production, relative to bulb weight, than did G. multifolia. These physiological responses suggest that G. villosa may be more efficient at carbon and nitrogen resource utilisation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11189/2002
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/BT13191
ISSN: 0067-1924
Appears in Collections:Appsc - Journal Articles (DHET subsidised)

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